intensive care unit (ICU) and in non-ICU settings, according to a new study.
surveillance data from 15 community hospitals in the Duke Infection Control
Outreach Network over a two-year period (January 1, 2010 to December 31,
1,331,280 patient-days during the 24-month study period. Only 143 of the CAUTIs
(28%) occurred in ICU patients. The overall CAUTI rate was 1.6 per 1,000
catheter days, according to the investigators. The rates of CAUTI in the ICU and
non-ICU patients were 1.83 and 1.55 cases per 1,000 catheter days, respectively,
a non-significant different between the groups.
infections occurred outside the intensive care unit,” said lead investigator
Sarah Lewis, MD, an infectious diseases fellow at Duke. “It was a little bit of
a surprise because we traditionally think of the ICU as being the most high-risk
hospital location for these infections. We often think that ICU patients are
sicker and have more medical comorbidities, which make them more susceptible to
States, Dr. Lewis said. Surveillance and prevention initiatives, however, mainly
have focused on patients in the ICU. The epidemiology of CAUTIs in non-ICU
settings and in community hospitals has not been well documented, she noted.
told Renal & Urology News. “We may need to look more specifically
what is different between ICU and non-ICU patients and target things differently
outside the ICU than we do in the ICU to prevent catheter-associated urinary
tract infections.” She presented study findings at IDWeek, a joint meeting of
the Infectious Diseases Society of America and three other medical
species (20%), Candida species (20%), and Klebsiella species
(7%). In addition, 8% of the pathogens exhibited multiple drug resistance. The
researchers observed no major differences in causative organisms when comparing
ICU and non-ICU patients, except for Candida species, which were observed
more often in ICU patients.